PAST QUESTIONS

NTC PEDAGOGY PAST QUESTIONS (SAMPLE QUESTION ON PEDAGOGY OF EDUCATION)

With the introduction of the NEW NTC, most students from the college of Education and the University that offers the Educational Courses are to Write New Format of NTC exams that consists of

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Here are sample of how the pedagogy of education questions will you like:

  1. According to Jean Piaget, children develop abstract logic and reasoning skill during
    (A) Sensorimotor stage
    (B) Preoperational stage
    (C) Concrete operational stage
    (D) Formal operational stage
  2. Children are usually egocentric during __________ and __________ stages.
    (A) Sensorimotor, Preoperational
    (B) Preoperational, Concrete operational
    (C) Concrete operational, Formal operational
    (D) Formal operational, Sensorimotor
  3. According to Jean Piaget, children are no longer egocentric when entering
    (A) Sensorimotor stage
    (B) Preoperational stage
    (C) Concrete operational stage
    (D) Formal operational stage
  4. According to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, the Concrete operational stage starts at age
    (A) 3
    (B) 7
    (C) 11
    (D) 15
  5. According to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, the Formal operational stage starts at age
    (A) 3
    (B) 7
    (C) 11
    (D) 15

ANSWERS: 
26. (D) Formal operational stage
27. (A) Sensorimotor, Preoperational
28. (C) Concrete operational stage
29. (B) 7
30. (C) 11

The most recent response is most likely to
(A) forget
(B) compromised
(C) reoccur
(D) not occur again

  1. Rousseau advocated an educational method which consisted of removing the child from
    (A) school
    (B) burden
    (C) past memory
    (D) society
  2. Who advocated removing children from their mothers’ care and raising them as wards of the state?
    (A) Socrates
    (B) Plato
    (C) Aristotle
    (D) John Locke
  3. The famous book “The Republic” was written by
    (A) Socrates
    (B) Plato
    (C) Aristotle
    (D) John Locke
  4. “All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of youth.” This is the saying of
    (A) Aristotle
    (B) Socrates
    (C) Plato
    (D) John Locke

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ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZ
31. (C) reoccur
32. (D) society
33. (B) Plato
34. (B) Plato
35. (A) Aristotle

  1. The Waldorf education approach emphasizes a balanced development of
    (A) head and heart
    (B) head and hands
    (C) heart and hands
    (D) head, heart, and hands
  2. Plato believed that talent and intelligence are
    (A) distributed genetically
    (B) not distributed genetically
    (C) distributed gender-wise
    (D) not distributed gender-wise
  3. A priori knowledge is knowledge that is known independently of
    (A) analysis
    (B) information
    (C) experience
    (D) evidence
  4. A posteriori knowledge is knowledge that is known by
    (A) analysis
    (B) information
    (C) experience
    (D) evidence
  5. According to John Locke, a child’s mind does not contain any
    (A) innate ideas
    (B) memory
    (C) observation
    (D) imagination

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZZES
36. (D) head, heart, and hands
37. (B) not distributed genetically
38. (C) experience
39. (C) experience
40. (A) innate ideas

 

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  1. The philosopher who for the first time mentioned the importance of play (or sports) in education was
    (A) Socrates
    (B) Plato
    (C) Aristotle
    (D) John Locke
  2. The process of selecting units from a population to estimate characteristics of the population is called
    (A) analyzing
    (B) inference
    (C) research
    (D) sampling
  3. We calculate average marks of a student in the way as we calculate
    (A) arithmetic mean
    (B) geometric mean
    (C) standard deviation
    (D) variance
  4. The __________ is a measure of how spreads out points are from the mean.
    (A) arithmetic mean
    (B) geometric mean
    (C) standard deviation
    (D) variance
  5. The standard deviation is the __________ of the variance.
    (A) square
    (B) square root
    (C) cube
    (D) cube root

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY
41. (C) Aristotle
42. (D) sampling
43. (A) arithmetic mean
44. (C) standard deviation
45. (B) square root

  1. The concept of pragmatism in educational philosophy says that education should be about
    (A) obedience
    (B) virtue
    (C) life and growth
    (D) shaping good citizens
  2. The idea of practical learning means education should apply to the
    (A) practice
    (B) society
    (C) abstract knowledge
    (D) real world
  3. An aspect of pragmatism is experiential learning, which says, education should come through
    (A) experience
    (B) practice
    (C) knowledge
    (D) observations
  4. According to Aristotle, virtue is a/an __________ state between excess and deficiency.
    (A) natural
    (B) intermediate
    (C) real
    (D) artificial
  5. In case of spending money, the virtue is __________ between wastefulness and stringiness.
    (A) generosity
    (B) penury
    (C) lavishness
    (D) prodigal

ANSWERS: EDUCATION QUIZ
46. (C) life and growth
47. (D) real world
48. (A) experience
49. (B) intermediate
50. (A) generosity

  1. The concept of perennialism in education means school curricula should focus on what is
    (A) important
    (B) everlasting
    (C) in demand
    (D) in need
  2. According to John Dewey, children should experience __________in school to make them better citizens.
    (A) rules
    (B) discipline
    (C) democracy
    (D) practical implementation
  3. Progressivism believes that education comes from the experience of the
    (A) child
    (B) teacher
    (C) principal
    (D) society
  4. The idea of teaching the whole child in the “philosophy of pragmatism in education” means teaching students to be good
    (A) learners
    (B) thinkers
    (C) scientists
    (D) citizens
  5. Progressivism believes that children learn in a/an
    (A) community
    (B) competition
    (C) isolation
    (D) closed environment

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ANSWERS: EDUCATION QUIZZES 
51. (B) everlasting
52. (C) democracy
53. (A) child
54. (D) citizens
55. (A) community

  1. A normal human being has __________ senses.
    (A) 4
    (B) 5
    (C) 6
    (D) 7
  2. Which from the following is NOT among the five senses?
    (A) vision
    (B) touch
    (C) smell
    (D) thought
  3. The application of ideas, knowledge and skills to achieve the desired results is called
    (A) problem solving
    (B) critical thinking
    (C) reasoned arguments
    (D) deductive method
  4. According to Socrates of Meno, virtue is
    (A) teachable
    (B) unteachable
    (C) reachable
    (D) unreachable
  5. The curriculum of educational institutes should be based on
    (A) theory
    (B) practice
    (C) theory and practice
    (D) theory, practice and research

ANSWERS: EDUCATION MCQS
56. (B) 5
57. (D) thought
58. (A) problem solving
59. (B) unteachable
60. (C) theory and practice

  1. The new curriculum should be introduced
    (A) abruptly
    (B) continuously
    (C) gradually
    (D) relatively
  2. Evaluation of the process of curriculum development should be made
    (A) abruptly
    (B) continuously
    (C) gradually
    (D) relatively
  3. Curriculum revision should be a/an __________ process.

(A) abrupt
(B) continuous
(C) gradual
(D) relative

  1. The term heuristic means __________ in decision making.
    (A) brain storming
    (B) calculations
    (C) thoroughness
    (D) mental shortcuts
  2. Robert Sternberg, a famous psychologist, argued that creativity requires __________ different types of intelligence.
    (A) 3
    (B) 4
    (C) 5
    (D) 6

ANSWERS: THEORY OF EDUCATION QUIZ
61. (C) gradually
62. (B) continuously
63. (B) continuous
64. (D) mental shortcuts
65. (A) 3

  1. According to Robert Sternberg, the three different types of required intelligence for creativity are
    (A) synthetic, analytical, and practical
    (B) analytical, observational and practical
    (C) analytical, critical and practical
    (D) abstract, synthetic and analytical
  2. A common technique to help people begin the creative process is
    (A) calculations
    (B) brain storming
    (C) thoroughness
    (D) mental shortcuts
  3. According to Plato, the highest goal in all of education is knowledge of the
    (A) science
    (B) mathematics
    (C) philosophy
    (D) good
  4. Plato argued that __________ are fit to rule.
    (A) educationists and philosophers
    (B) only educationists
    (C) only philosophers
    (D) only psychologists
  5. The book “A Brief History of Time” is written by
    (A) Aristotle
    (B) John Dewey
    (C) Robert Sternberg
    (D) Stephen Hawking

ANSWERS: THEORY OF EDUCATION MCQS
66. (A) synthetic, analytical, and practical
67. (B) brain storming
68. (D) good
69. (C) only philosophers
70. (D) Stephen Hawking

  1. The branch of philosophy focuses on the nature of reality is
    (A) Connectionism
    (B) Epistemology
    (C) Metaphysics
    (D) Pedagogy
  2. Idealism is a philosophical approach that argues that __________are the only true reality, and the only thing worth knowing.
    (A) ideas
    (B) experiences
    (C) observations
    (D) physical objects
  3. Realism is a philosophical approach that argues that ultimate reality is the world of
    (A) ideas
    (B) experiences
    (C) observations
    (D) physical objects
  4. Who is called the father of both Realism and the scientific method?
    (A) Aristotle
    (B) Plato
    (C) Socrates
    (D) Edward Thorndike
  5. The philosopher who is called the father of Idealism is
    (A) Aristotle
    (B) Plato
    (C) Socrates
    (D) Edward Thorndike

ANSWERS: THEORY OF EDUCATION QUIZZES
71. (C) Metaphysics
72. (A) ideas
73. (D) physical objects
74. (A) Aristotle
75. (B) Plato

  1. The philosopher who for the first time taught logic as a formal discipline was
    (A) Aristotle
    (B) Plato
    (C) Socrates
    (D) Edward Thorndike
  2. The advocators of philosophy of Pragmatism believe that reality is
    (A) imagination
    (B) stagnant
    (C) constantly changing
    (D) related to mind
  3. The psychologist who for the first time proposed the concept of connectionism in learning was
    (A) Aristotle
    (B) Plato
    (C) Robert Sternberg
    (D) Edward Thorndike
  4. According to Edward Thorndike, learning is about responding to
    (A) analysis
    (B) change
    (C) experiment
    (D) stimuli
  5. Anything that causes a reaction is called
    (A) learning
    (B) stimulus
    (C) connectionism
    (D) physical objects

ANSWERS: EDUCATION PHILOSOPHY QUIZ
76. (A) Aristotle
77. (C) constantly changing
78. (D) Edward Thorndike
79. (D) stimuli
80. (B) stimulus

  1. The connection between stimulus and response is called
    (A) stimulus-response bond
    (B) receiving-accepting bond
    (C) stimulus-response paradigm
    (D) receiving-accepting paradigm
  2. The __________ the stimulus-response bond (S-R bond), the better a person has learned the lesson.
    (A) stable
    (B) unstable
    (C) stronger
    (D) weaker
  3. There are __________ laws of connectionism.
    (A) 2
    (B) 3

(C) 4
(D) 5

  1. The three laws of connectionism are the laws of
    (A) effect, stimulus and response
    (B) stimulus, response and exercise
    (C) exercise, readiness and response
    (D) effect, exercise and readiness
  2. According to the law of effect, if a stimulus results in a positive outcome, the S-R bond is
    (A) strengthened
    (B) weakened
    (C) stabilized
    (D) unsterilized

ANSWERS: EDUCATION PHILOSOPHY QUIZZES
81. (A) stimulus-response bond
82. (C) stronger
83. (B) 3
84. (D) effect, exercise and readiness
85. (A) strengthened

  1. According to the law of effect, if a stimulus results in a negative outcome, the S-R bond is
    (A) strengthened
    (B) weakened
    (C) stabilized
    (D) unsterilized
  2. According to the __________, the more you do something, the better you are at it.
    (A) law of effect
    (B) law of exercise
    (C) law of readiness
    (D) law of connectionism
  3. According to the __________, S-R bonds are stronger if an individual is ready to learn.
    (A) law of effect
    (B) law of exercise
    (C) law of readiness
    (D) law of connectionism
  4. The __________ says, we are motivated to gain rewards and avoid punishments.
    (A) law of effect
    (B) law of exercise
    (C) law of readiness
    (D) law of connectionism
  5. The Law of Effect can be effectively used in
    (A) accelerate learning
    (B) curriculum development
    (C) classroom management
    (D) teaching methodsANSWERS: EDUCATION PHILOSOPHY MCQS
    86. (B) weakened
    87. (B) law of exercise
    88. (C) law of readiness
    89. (A) law of effect
    90. (C) classroom management

 

  1. For an effective teaching, the teacher must be a subject matter expert that includes
    I. command over the subject
    II. the ability to convey knowledge
    III. the ability to apply ideas from one discipline to another
    (A) I only
    (B) II only
    (C) I and II only
    (D) I, II and III
  2. The satiation technique of classroom management is a technique where instead of punishing negative behaviors, the teacher might decide to actually __________ the negative behavior.
    (A) encourage
    (B) discourage
    (C) ignore
    (D) divert
  3. The extinction technique of classroom management is a technique where teacher __________ any negative behavior.
    (A) divert
    (B) ignore
    (C) encourage
    (D) discourage
  4. The use of a physical punishment for class management is called
    (A) extinction technique
    (B) satiation technique
    (C) time out technique
    (D) corporal punishment
  5. The technique of classroom management where the teacher punishes negative behaviors by removing an unruly student from the rest of the class is called
    (A) extinction technique
    (B) satiation technique
    (C) time out technique
    (D) corporal punishment

ANSWERS: EDUCATION PSYCHOLOGY QUIZ
91. (D) I, II and III
92. (A) encourage
93. (B) ignore
94. (D) corporal punishment
95. (C) time out technique

  1. The study of the physical, social and mental aspects of aging is called
    (A) Esthetics
    (B) Genetics
    (C) Gerontology
    (D) Clinical psychology
  2. As people gets older, the ability of applying or maintain attention
    (A) increases
    (B) decreases
    (C) stays constant
    (D) remains unaffected
  3. The brain __________ as people gets older.
    (A) shrinks
    (B) expands
    (C) stays constant
    (D) remains unaffected
  4. There is __________ in working memory as people gets older.
    (A) upgradation
    (B) degradation
    (C) no change
    (D) a slight change
  5. According to the philosophy of Idealism in education, the subject matter of curriculum should be
    (A) mathematics
    (B) science
    (C) physical world
    (D) mind

ANSWERS: EDUCATION PSYCHOLOGY QUIZZES
96. (C) Gerontology
97. (B) decreases
98. (A) shrinks
99. (B) degradation
100. (D) mind

  1. In education, __________ is used to make inference about the learning and development of students.
    (A) assessment
    (B) evaluation
    (C) measurement
    (D) diagnosis
  2. An assessment that is conducted prior to the start of teaching or instruction is called
    (A) initial assessment
    (B) formal assessment
    (C) formative assessment
    (D) summative assessment
  3. An assessment that is carried out throughout the course is called
    (A) initial assessment
    (B) diagnostic assessment
    (C) formative assessment
    (D) summative assessment
  4. An assessment is __________ if it consistently achieves the same results with the same (or similar) students.
    (A) Valid
    (B) Invalid
    (C) Reliable
    (D) Unreliable
  5. A/An __________ assessment is one which measures what it is intended to measure.
    (A) Valid
    (B) Invalid
    (C) Reliable
    (D) Unreliable

ANSWERS: EDUCATION PSYCHOLOGY MCQS
101. (A) assessment
102. (A) initial assessment
103. (C) formative assessment
104. (C) Reliable
105. (A) Valid

  1. Educational psychology is concerned with the scientific study of
    (A) education
    (B) philosophy of education
    (C) human learning
    (D) teaching methods
  2. According to famous philosophers, teaching is a/an
    (A) art
    (B) arts
    (C) science
    (D) technique
  3. Progressive education emphasizes learning by
    (A) reading
    (B) writing
    (C) doing
    (D) enjoying
  4. According to John Dewey, educational process has two sides:
    (A) economical and sociological
    (B) psychological and sociological
    (C) economical and philosophical
    (D) sociological and philosophical
  5. According to John Dewey, which side of the educational process is the basis?
    (A) economical
    (B) sociological
    (C) philosophical
    (D) psychological

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZ
106. (C) human learning
107. (A) art
108. (C) doing
109. (B) psychological and sociological
110. (D) psychological

  1. An assessment that is generally carried out at the end of a course to assign students a course grade is called?
    (A) Diagnostic assessment
    (B) Formative assessment
    (C) Contemporary assessment
    (D) Summative assessment
  2. Which from the following is termed as student-centered learning method?
    (I) Direct Instruction
    (II) Inquiry-Based Learning
    (III) Cooperative learning
    (A) II only
    (B) I and II only
    (C) II and III only
    (D) I, II and III
  3. Education is a process in which knowledge and skills are transferred
    (A) from a few persons to few persons
    (B) from a few persons to a large number of people
    (C) from a few persons to the next generation
    (D) from a generation to the next generation
  4. Which from the following is NOT a formal assessment?
    (A) Interview
    (B) Observation
    (C) Project
    (D) Quizzes
  5. Which from the following is NOT an informal assessment?
    (A) Observation
    (B) Project
    (C) Rubrics
    (D) Participation

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZ
111. (D) Summative assessment
112. (C) II and III only
113. (C) from a few persons to the next generation
114. (B) Observation
115. (B) Project

  1. In John Dewey’s student-centered approach of learning, the role of the teacher is of a
    (A) formal authority
    (B) delegator
    (C) instructor
    (D) facilitator
  2. The role of teacher in inquiry-based learning is of
    (A) instructor
    (B) facilitator
    (C) delegator
    (D) formal authority
  3. In direct instruction method or lecture method the teacher is considered as
    (A) partner
    (B) facilitator
    (C) delegator
    (D) formal authority
  4. In cooperative learning method, the role of teacher is of
    (A) facilitator
    (B) delegator
    (C) facilitator and delegator
    (D) delegator and formal authority
  5. In cooperative method, teachers act as a delegator means the teacher act as a/an _____ to the students.
    (A) resource
    (B) partner
    (C) evaluator
    (D) foster

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZ
116. (D) facilitator
117. (B) facilitator
118. (D) formal authority
119. (C) facilitator and delegator
120. (A) resource

  1. Dialectic or dialectical method is a discourse between opposing parties to establish the truth
    (A) through investigation
    (B) through dialogues
    (C) through reasoned arguments
    (D) through presenting proves
  2. Dialectic method of inquiry was contributed by
    (A) Socrates
    (B) Plato
    (C) Aristotle
    (D) John Dewey
  3. Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of
    (A) education
    (B) learning
    (C) knowledge
    (D) philosophy of education
  4. What was the relation between Socrates and Plato?
    (A) Socrates was student of Plato
    (B) Plato was student of Socrates
    (C) Socrates and Plato were brothers
    (D) Socrates and Plato were colleagues
  5. What was the relation between Plato and Aristotle?
    (A) Plato was student of Aristotle
    (B) Aristotle was student of Plato
    (C) Plato and Aristotle were brothers
    (D) Plato and Aristotle were colleagues

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZ
121. (C) through reasoned arguments
122. (A) Socrates
123. (C) knowledge
124. (B) Plato was student of Socrates
125. (B) Aristotle was student of Plato

  1. “Apology” is Plato’s recollection of the speeches given by Socrates when Socrates was charged with
    (A) believing in the rotation of the Earth
    (B) not believing in the rotation of the Earth
    (C) believing in gods
    (D) not believing in gods
  2. According to Socrates, physical objects and events are __________ of their ideal form.
    (A) shadows
    (B) images
    (C) parts
    (D) signs
  3. According to the theory of forms (or theory of ideas) material world is a/an ___ of the real world.
    (A) shadow
    (B) image
    (C) part
    (D) sign
  4. The first institution of higher learning in the Western world, “Academy”, was founded by
    (A) Socrates
    (B) Plato
    (C) Aristotle
    (D) John Dewey
  5. The “Academy” was founded in
    (A) Athens
    (B) Stagira
    (C) Macedonia
    (D) Chakis

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZ
126. (D) not believing in gods
127. (A) shadows
128. (B) image
129. (B) Plato
130. (A) Athens

  1. Bloom’s taxonomy is a set of __________ learning domains.
    (A) two
    (B) three
    (C) four
    (D) five
  2. The three domains of Bloom’s taxonomy are
    (A) Cognitive, Affective and Psychomotor
    (B) Cognitive, Pedagogy and Psychomotor
    (C) Cognitive, Affective and Pedagogy
    (D) Pedagogy, Affective and Psychomotor
  3. The cognitive domain involves
    (A) learning
    (B) knowledge
    (C) manner
    (D) physical movement
  4. The affective domain involves

(A) learning
(B) knowledge
(C) manner
(D) physical movement

  1. The psychomotor domain involves
    (A) learning
    (B) knowledge
    (C) manner
    (D) physical movement

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZ
131. (B) three
132. (A) Cognitive, Affective and Psychomotor
133. (B) knowledge
134. (C) manner
135. (D) physical movement

  1. The simplest skill in cognitive domain of Bloom’s taxonomy is
    (A) remembering
    (B) understanding
    (C) evaluating
    (D) synthesizing
  2. The most complex skill in cognitive domain of Bloom’s taxonomy is
    (A) characterizing
    (B) understanding
    (C) evaluating
    (D) synthesizing
  3. The most complex skill of Bloom’s taxonomy is

(A) characterizing
(B) evaluating
(C) synthesizing
(D) originating

  1. To break information into parts and to examine the information is called
    (A) analyzing
    (B) evaluating
    (C) synthesizing
    (D) originating
  2. To compile the information into pattern and propose a plan is called
    (A) analyzing
    (B) evaluating
    (C) synthesizing
    (D) originating

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZ
136. (A) remembering
137. (C) evaluating
138. (D) originating
139. (A) analyzing
140. (C) synthesizing

  1. When the topic or an area of a course contains a lot of information, it is recommended to use
    (A) lecture method
    (B) inquiry-based method
    (C) cooperative method
    (D) assignment method
  2. The skill when students try to build abstract knowledge is called
    (A) originating
    (B) characterizing
    (C) evaluating
    (D) synthesizing
  3. Formative assessment is an assessment __________ learning.
    (A) to
    (B) of
    (C) by
    (D) for
  4. Summative assessment is an assessment __________ learning.
    (A) to
    (B) of
    (C) by
    (D) for
  5. An assessment use to identify difficulties in the learning process is called
    (A) initial assessment
    (B) diagnostic assessment
    (C) formative assessment
    (D) summative assessment

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZ
141. (A) lecture method
142. (B) characterizing
143. (D) for
144. (B) of
145. (B) diagnostic assessment

  1. What act of teacher foster a sense of autonomy in the learning process?
    (A) instructor
    (B) facilitator
    (C) delegator
    (D) formal authority
  2. A process of looking at what is being assessed is called
    (A) assessment
    (B) evaluation
    (C) measurement
    (D) rubrics
  3. Validity of an assessment relates to the __________ of an assessment.
    (A) usefulness
    (B) quality
    (C) consistency
    (D) relevance
  4. Reliability of an assessment relates to the __________ of an assessment.
    (A) usefulness
    (B) quality
    (C) consistency
    (D) relevance
  5. An assessment use to determine a person’s ability in a particular field of studies is called
    (A) aptitude test
    (B) diagnostic test
    (C) evaluation
    (D) measurement

ANSWERS: PEDAGOGY QUIZ
146. (C) delegator
147. (B) evaluation
148. (D) relevance
149. (C) consistency
150. (A) aptitude test

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BRIGHT FRANCIS

BRIGHT FRANCIS ADOM is an ICT teacher at Ghana Education Service, Entrepreneur, Hard Working and I believe in giving out Accurate information to help others

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