The number of specialist roles in the United States of America Army have been opened thanks to rules introduced by the US government. The US Army, most powerful in the world, has welcomed soldiers from other countries for many years. A non-citizen can enlist in the military. However, federal law prohibits non-citizens who are enlisted from becoming commission or warrant officers.
US Military Job Applications
Every year, more than 8,000 green card holders but who are non-U.S. citizens join the military. However, recently some policy changes may interfere with the ability for some residents but non-U.S. citizens to join the military, even in a limited (no security clearance) capacity.
Enlistment via MAVNI Program
Military Accessions Vital to the National Interest, or MAVNI, enables non-citizens to join the military with such skills as interpreters, certain cultural knowledge, and even medical professionals. However, in 2014 the program was suspended and the current administration is looking to cancel the program altogether.
Enlistment via DACA Program
Currently, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) may face a new reality in the current administration and could be subject to deportation versus having the ability to work or attend advanced educational opportunities. However, Congress could change direction and allow DACA groups the opportunity to serve in the military. An enlisted member enters the Army as a Private. After completing basic training, the enlisted recruits advances to Private First Class. The next notable advancement is to a Noncommissioned Officer. The highest rank attainable in the Army is the five-star General of the Army. Often called a “five-star general”, the rank of General of the Army has historically been reserved for wartime use and is not currently active in the U.S. Army.
How to Apply for the US Army Jobs
Follow the link as details of the Army recruitment and selection process can be found on how people from other countries can apply for the Army with legal US residency, see links below.
To join as a soldier, you must:
You must be at least 18 years old to join the US Army as a soldier. You can start your application when you’re 17 years and 7 months. Be in Phase 1 training before your 35th birthday.
If you’re under 18, you’ll also need parental consent to join.
To enlist in the United States Army, you must be a legal resident. The Army offers over 150 different careers in a wide variety of categories. The key to your career path is your ASVAB score, which helps to identify the Army jobs that fit you the best
The U.S. Army
The U.S. Army is one of five branches of the U.S. Armed Forces. It is a strategic instrument of national policy that has served our country well in peace and war for over two centuries. Soldiers enable America to fulfill its world leadership responsibilities of safeguarding our national interests, preventing global calamity, and making the world a safer place. We do this by finding peaceful solutions to the frictions between nation states, addressing the problems of human suffering, and when required, fighting and winning our Nation’s wars–our nonnegotiable contract with the American people.
What are the qualifications to join the USA Army?
The following are the basic requirements for enlisting:
- You must be a U.S. citizen or a resident alien.
- Be between the ages of 17-34. Seventeen-year olds need parental consent.
- Have a high school diploma.
- Have no more than two dependents.
- Take and pass the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) test.
- Pass a Military Entrance Processing Station medical exams
What’s the ASVAB?
The ASVAB is a test that measures your aptitudes. It consists of ten short individual tests covering word knowledge, paragraph comprehension, arithmetic reasoning, mathematics knowledge, general science, auto and shop information, mechanical comprehension, electronics information, numerical operations and coding speed. When you take the ASVAB prior to enlisting, not only do you receive scores on each of these individual tests, but several individual test results are combined to yield three academic composite scores: verbal, math and academic ability.
What are some benefits of joining?
- Steady Income: You are paid twice a month, on the 1st and 15th, every month, based on your pay grade and service requirements. Advancement: You are promoted based on job knowledge, your performance, time in pay grade and service requirements.
- Paid vacation: You earn 2.5 days paid vacation per month for a total of 30 days each year up to 60 days.
- Training: You choose your career path based on your aptitude, physical abilities, security clearance, motivation and determination. All specialties are open to women — including combat roles.
- Health Care: While on active duty, you will receive complete medical and dental care at no cost.
- Life Insurance: Active duty members select up to $200,000 in term life insurance for $18 per month.
- Allowances: You may also receive additional tax-free money for Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH) if government housing is not available; Basic Allowance for Subsistence (BAS), if government food facilities are not available in the area you are stationed; and a uniform allowance (for enlisted personnel only) to help maintain your uniform. Tax Advantage: Only your basic monthly pay is subject to Federal or State income tax.
- GI Bill: The Montgomery GI Bill will help pay for college education or vocational training.
- Tuition Assistance: While on active duty, you may continue your education, and may be helped in defraying the cost of college-accredited courses.
- Additional Benefits: There are exchange and commissary privileges, moving allowances, temporary lodging expenses, travel, survivor benefits, Veterans Administration home loans and more.
Are there bonuses for enlisting?
The Army is currently offering enlistment bonuses of up to $40,000 for active duty and $20,000 for the Army reserve. The amounts and eligibility for these bonuses depend on your MOS choice, ASVAB score and education level. Keep in mind that they tend to change frequently according to the needs of the service.
Does the Army take people with prior service?
Yes. The Army accepts prior-service people.
What if I am not a U.S. citizen
Only U.S. citizens or foreign nationals legally residing in the United States with an Immigration and Naturalization Service Alien Registration Card (“Green Card” — INS Form I-151/551) may apply. Applicants must speak, write and read English fluently.
Can the Army help me obtain U.S. citizenship?
No. The U.S. military cannot assist foreign nationals in obtaining admittance into the United States.
What if I live overseas?
Regulations prohibit the forwarding of recruiting information through international mail, even to U.S. citizens living in foreign countries. Request more information online.
How long is boot camp?
What is boot camp like?
- Week 0: Reception Week — During the first week of Basic Training, you’ll begin to get used to Army life. You’ll get your haircut and get into the best shape of your life.
- Week 1: Fall-in Week — After a week of processing through Reception, you are quickly ushered into the Army way of life. In the classroom, on the field and in the barracks you will adjust to the new rules, responsibilities and expectations being ingrained deep into your mind.
- Week 2: Direction Week — With the Drill Sergeant leading the way, you will begin to navigate your way through Basic Training. Moving from the classroom to the field, you’ll encounter physical tests that challenge your body and mind.
- Week 3: Endurance Week — As week three begins, you must rely on sheer determination to meet the mounting physical and mental challenges of the simulated combat scenarios.
- Week 4: Marksmanship Week — The M16A2 is the standard issue weapon of the U.S. Army, and your new responsibility, demanding your knowledge and respect. Before a single round can be fired, numerous nuances like breathing, stance and mechanics are covered meticulously and rehearsed methodically.
- Week 5: Trials Week — This week, two of the more decisive moments loom in front you – the Basic Rifle Marksmanship Qualification and the “Fit to Win” Obstacle Course. Your fortitude, both mental and physical, will be thoroughly tried and tested.
- Week 6: Camaraderie Week —Your self-assurance has grown and you are getting stronger, but that doesn’t guarantee your success or that of your company or platoon. That success is ensured by the growing bond between the recruits in the field and in the barracks.
- Week 7: Confidence Week — Confidence in your self, your platoon and the Army way of life has been growing steadily over the past seven weeks. All of this will be proved true as you tackle the Confidence Course this week.
- Week 8: Victory Forge Week — All the miles have been marched and all the obstacles left behind. You’ve arrived at Victory Forge, a three-day field outing in which you apply all that you’ve learned. This is the true and final test of your skills and spirit-when you prove that you’ve got what it takes to be a U.S. Army Soldier.
- Week 9: Grad Week — With your biggest challenge behind you and graduation just ahead, you’ll finish up some important details before your final day in Basic Training. Family and friends eagerly await this ceremony, as you prepare to join the honorable legacy of those who have served before you.
Should I do anything before I go to boot camp?
Yes. For tips on how to prepare yourself physically and mentally for boot camp, see military fitness guru Stew Smith’s articles.
How do I become an officer?
You can become an officer through the U.S. Military Academy, Army ROTC, OCS or Direct Commissioning programs. If you have or will soon have a 4-year college degree, you may consider enlisting in the U.S. Army with the intention of becoming an officer. Graduates of the Army Officer Candidate School (OCS) are commissioned as Second Lieutenants (O-1) and earn Sergeant (E-5) pay while in the school. This program is available to qualified applicants, with or without any prior military service, who enlist for a period of 3 years.
What is the U.S. Military Academy?
The U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., trains Army officers. Its mission is to educate, train and inspire the Corps of Cadets so that each graduate is a commissioned leader of character committed to the values of Duty, Honor, Country; professional growth throughout a career as an officer in the United States Army; and a lifetime of selfless service to the nation.
How do I apply to the academy?
There are six steps: knowing the basic application requirements for a nomination, completing a candidate questionnaire, completing the candidate kit, securing nomination from congressman or other qualifying authorities and completing testing. General qualifications include:
- Between 17 but not yet 23 years of age by July 1 of year admitted.
- A U.S. citizen at time of enrollment (exception: foreign students nominated by agreement between U.S. and another country).
- Not pregnant or legally obligated to support a child.
- An above-average high school or college academic record.
- Strong performance on the standardized American College Testing (ACT) Assessment Program Exam or the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT).
- Be in good physical and mental health.
- Pass a Medical Exam.
- Above-average strength, endurance and agility.
- Adequate performance on USMA Physical Aptitude Exam.
What is Officer Candidate School?
Officer Candidate School (OCS) is another way to become an Officer in the Army. After completing Basic Combat Training, candidates participate in rigorous training for 14 weeks and then attend the Officer Basic Course.
How do I qualify for OCS?
In general terms, an officer must be a college or university graduate prior to commissioning (except for enlisted soldiers on active duty), is trained by the Army to lead and manage, and can voluntarily leave the military if not under any officer service obligation at the time. To qualify you must:
- At least 19 years old and not have reached your 29th birthday prior to training
- A U.S. citizen
- A college graduate with a four-year degree or higher, or for the Army Reserve option you must have completed 90 semester hours
- Healthy and in good physical condition
- In good moral standing
What about Direct Commissions?
As a professional lawyer, engineer, member of the clergy or doctor, you may also qualify for a Direct Commission. Request more information online.
Does the Army promote enlistees to the officer ranks?
What if I’m a physician or dentist?
The Army is also seeking qualified health professionals. For more information about the medical programs. You can have someone contact you about applying your medical trade in the service by completing this form.
Does the Army have Reserve opportunities?
Yes. You can request more information online. For more detailed information on the Reserves, you can also check the Army Reserves section.
What are the qualifications to join the Reserve?
You must be:
- a U.S. citizen or permanent resident alien
- 17-42 years old
- healthy and in good physical condition
- in good moral standing
- High School or Equivalent Education
What is a drill?
This applies to Reserve and Guard service. Drills are periods of Inactive Duty Training (IDT), under orders, scheduled to augment training. No more than two drills can be performed on one calendar day, and each drill must be at least four hours long. Most units schedule multiple drills over one weekend each month (two drills Saturday and two drills Sunday).
What training will I receive?
Depending on the Reserve or Guard program, you will receive boot camp and maybe A-school training. Weekend or weekday drills are considered training. Active Duty for Training (ADT) is 12 days of active duty at a Coast Guard unit or Coast Guard school and is required annually.
What if I have a problem getting time off from my employer to fulfill my Reserve military service obligations?
By law, as a member of the Reserve, you must, upon request, be granted a leave of absence to satisfy a requirement for military training. The Uniform Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act requires employers to provide Reservists with time away from their jobs to perform military duty. However, you must notify your employer that you intend to take military leave. You must be reemployed after completion of your military duty and return to your job within a reasonable time. You must be treated as though you had never left employment, including scheduled pay raises, promotions or credit for longevity or vacation. Your employer only has to hold a job open for 60 months if you accept voluntary orders.
How do I choose my school?
Generally, you can attend any school you qualify for. The results of your ASVAB determine what schools you qualify for.
Is technical training like boot camp?
No. This is training for a specialty you have chosen. It may involve work details and duty, but the main focus is on technical and professional training.
Will I be paid while in training?
Yes, you will be paid for every day you serve according to published pay schedules for your pay grade, in addition to any Temporary Duty or travel allowances.
What should I ask my recruiter?
Recruiters must present an accurate picture of service. You should be aware of all aspects of the military. Be sure you fully understand the enlistment contract. You should ask about:
- Details and qualifications for each specialty.
- Films or videos about training and duties.
- Boot camp.
- Length and location of training.
- Special enlistment programs.
- Overseas assignments, remote and long duty.
- Haircut and grooming standards.
- Off-duty education and educational benefits.
- Guaranteed training programs.
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